Here are the common pregnancy symptoms that you might experiencing:
Morning sickness. More than half of pregnant women suffer from nausea and vomiting in the first three months of pregnancy. This is due to the changing level of hormones in the body. To help reduce morning sickness, take small but frequent meals and avoid fried and fatty foods. Stay away from situations and activities that make you nauseous. If you really cannot keep any food or drink down, you should see your doctor.
Bleeding during pregnancy. There should be absolutely no menstrual periods during pregnancy. See your doctor immediately at the first sign of any bleeding.
Passing urine frequently. This is a result of the womb pressing on the bladder. However, if there is any pain or burning sensation, see your doctor immediately as it may indicate infection.
Constipation. The condition may frequently occur in pregnancy due to the effect of the hormone progesterone on the gastrointestinal tract. The frequency of constipation may be minimized by eating plenty of fruits and vegetables, and drinking lots of water.
Ankle swelling. Water retention, particularly in the feet and ankles, is especially common at the end of the day and also towards the later stage of pregnancy. Always keep your feet up while resting and cut down on salt in the last three months.
Varicose veins. These swollen veins are often found in pregnant women and tend to occur in the ankles and behind the knees and thighs. Raise your feet up to as much as you can while resting and wear supportive stockings to relieve the discomfort.
Heartburn. This is a burning sensation in the lower chest or upper abdomen that is due to the pressure of the enlarged womb on the stomach, causing the contents to flow backwards. This sometimes brings up a sour or bitter fluid into the mouth. Small sips of milk may help. Avoid spicy or oily foods.
Backache. This is a very common complaint because of extra weight being carried around. Good posture is the key to overcoming this problem. Keep your back straight while standing, walking or sitting so that your body weight rest squarely on your hips. Don’t slouch forward or lean backwards as this only strains your back even more.
Leg cramps. This is also common and is easily relieved by rubbing and massaging the painful area until the muscle relaxes. If the cramp is in the calf, bending the foot and ankle upwards will help to stretch the muscle and relieve cramps.
Stretch marks. These may appear over your abdomen (and sometimes the thighs) as the pregnancy progresses. Rubbing some lanolin or cocoa cream over the marks may lessen their effect.
Although not a problem, sexual intercourse is a common concern of may pregnanct women. In a normal pregnancy, you may continue to have sexual intercourse as usual. In cases with complications, as advised by your doctor, it is better to avoid intercourse in the first and last three months of the pregnancy.
What you can do?
General points for coping with pregnancy:
Seek prenatal care from your family doctor or neareast maternal and child health clinic as soon as you suspect you are pregnant. This will help you to prepare and look after yourself during your pregnancy. It also ensures that any medical problem that arises will be treated early.
- Eat a balanced diet. Your doctor can help advise you on what foods to eat for proper weight control. Avoid eating too much of:
- Starchy and fatty foods
- Foods containing a lot of salt or sugar
- Coffee and tea
- Ginger, other herbs and spices
Do not smoke at all during pregnancy and avoid drinking alcohol as well. Do not take any medicine unless they have been prescribed for you by your doctor.
[pull_quote_center]Learn to do special prenatal exercises designed to strengthen the group of muscle that are important during delivery[/pull_quote_center]