How do you know if you have dyslexia?
Dyslexia is one of the most very common learning disabilities, showing up as difficulty with language. Children with dyslexia can have trouble mostly in understanding different words, sentences, or paragraphs. They can have trouble with oral or written language. Most people with dyslexia have average or above-average intelligence. Why is it hard for the dyslexic to read? It is the way the brain is organized in people with dyslexia. Sometimes the messages the brain is ending get jumbled up or confused.
SYMPTOMS OF DYSLEXIA
In a child in preschool:
- May talk later than other children.
- May have difficulty pronouncing words
- May be slow to add vocabulary words
- May have difficulty with rhyming
- May have difficulty following multiple-step directions or routines
In a child in kindergarten through fourth grade:
- Has difficulty reading words that are out of context
- May be slow to understand the connection between letters and sounds
- May confuse short words, e.g., “at” and “to,” “said” and “and”
- Makes consistent spelling errors: reverses “d” and “b”; reverses words e.g., “pot” and “top”; inverts letters, e.g., “M” and “W”
In child in grades five through seven:
- Usually reads below grade level
- May have difficulty spelling, often changing the spelling of the same word on the same page
- May avoid reading aloud
CAUSES OF DYSLEXIA
Its cause has not been fully confirmed, but the effect is the creation of neurological anomalies in the brain. These anomalies bring about varying degrees of difficulty in learning when using words and symbols.
WHAT YOU CAN DO
- As a parent, learn as much as you can about learning disabilities. Learn what you can about dyslexia and the specific problems your child is having with learning and reading.
- Observe your child to find out how he learns. Does he learn by looking, listening, or touching? Find out his talents, interests, and skills.
- Tap your child’s strengths to help him learn. If he is better at listening than reading, do not force him to read. Provide books on tape and videos as learning tools.
- Realize that while he may have a learning disability, he is still intelligent. Children with dyslexia usually need a multi-sensory approach, e.g. touching, tasting, and listening, to engage them.
- Be a role model on how to handle mistakes. Children with learning disabilities may feel like failures because they make mistakes. If you treat your own mistakes with humor and as lessons to be learned, your child will pick up on that.
- Realized that your child may never be able to master a particular skill. That does not make him a failure. We all have things we cannot do or do well. Focus on what he does well.
- Do not get into a struggle with your child over homework or reading. Work with your child’s teacher to develop a program tailored to your child.
- Make sure the books you provide for your child are at his reading level. That will not necessarily mean his age level. Many children with dyslexia read below grade level.
- Television or videos can be learning tools. Your child can learn to focus, listen, and boost his vocabulary. You can help by asking questions after each program.
[pull_quote_center]“Children with dyslexia can have trouble understanding words, sentences, or paragraphs. They can have trouble with oral or written language.[/pull_quote_center]