The chances of survival of a patients who experience cardiopulmonary arrest will always depends on the effectiveness of the (CPR) cardiopulmonary resuscitation done by the health professionals. Here are the basic life support training. The most recent recommendation is that the depth for CPR must be at least 50mm.
Previously, it was recommended to be 38-50 mm. Effective CPR has been correlated with the depth of chest compressions up to 50 mm.
Studies about Basic Life Support Training
The results of a recently published study (Stiell IG et al. Crit Care Med 2012 Jan 5), showed basic life support training that the depth of compression was inadequate for most patients. This highlights the need for proper feedback facilitated basic life support training along with performance measurement for quality improvement. “If we do not have basic life support training adequately and measure performance, we cannot improve clinical outcomes,” wrote Kristi L. Koenig, MD, FACEP in her commentary in March 9 2013.
It has been noted by many CPR experts that quality of CPR is relatively suboptimal, partly brought about by the concern about chest compressions being too slow and too shallow. Hence, in the Steill’s study, real-time measurement was done. Researchers analyzed electronic CPR compression depth data from the resuscitation Outcomes Consortium for a convenience sample of 1,029 adult patient treated by 58 emergency medical services (EMS) agencies in seven U.S. and Canadian cities from 2006-2009. Excluded in the study were patients with EMS-witnessed arrest and those who received bystander defibrillation.
The Researchers recorded about basic life support training is that overall median compression rate was 106 per minute, and median compression depth was 37.3 mm. at the time of the study, the recommended depth was 38-50 mm. even so, 53 percent of patients had a recorded compression depth <38 mm. and 92 percent had depth <50 mm. Faster compression rates correlated with similar compression depths. The researchers reported that in a univariate comparison of characteristics of the 50 patients who survived to hospital discharge with those of patients who did not survive, outcomes were better when compression depth was >38 mm.