According to World Health Organization, Drowning is the 3rd leading cause of unintentional injury death worldwide. There are 8 persons die every day because of drowning and also 10 cases per day were reported of near drowning. It’s very alarming because even though you know how to swim, you can still be a victim of drowning if you are not properly aware on some safety precautions before you swim.
Since we’re entering the season of pool parties and beach trips, here are some water safety measures to keep in mind to keep you safe from swimming:
Make sure you are physically fit by exercising before you swim. This will enable to circulate the blood flow in your body to avoid muscle cramps which is one of the common causes of drowning.
Always see to it that there is a Life Guard roaming around in the swimming pool or in the beach. Don’t just rely on your friends or guardians. They don’t know the proper way of rescuing and reviving someone who has drowned. The only person who is authorized in this is the LifeGuard.
Best option to avoid drowning is to swim only on the water level of your capacity. Make sure that your feet are always touching the ground. Don’t force yourself to swim with your friends and go too far. Remember, your friends may not help you because they also don’t want to risk their lives and the only person who can help you is the LifeGuard.
If you have kids, always monitor them closely when they are inside the swimming pool or if you have time, you can get in the pool with them and stay within your arm’s reach. This is the best thing you can protect your children when they are swimming and also it promotes family bonding.
Before we get deep into this topic there are some significant terms which are often used interchangeably.
When you say near drowning, it is a severe oxygen deprivation or also called suffocation which is caused by submersion of a victim in water, but not resulting to death. Then when death occurs, that’s the time it is called drowning.
It’s when a person submerged under water; victim’s lungs will be filled with lots of water. This will immediately stop the transfer of oxygen in the blood. Having low oxygen level in the blood may lead to brain damage and death.
Usually, drowning victims will cause a spasm in their airway, resulting their vocal chords to close and the water will never reach the lungs. So when they left in the swimming pool or beach, they experience difficulty in breathing because of the sudden spasm in the vocal cords.
When secondary drowning occurs, small amount of water gets into the victim’s lungs which cause inflammation that makes it difficult for the body of drowning victims to transfer oxygen to carbon dioxide. The difference of secondary drowning from dry drowning is that there’s a delay of up to 24 hours from the time of drowning before the person will show signs of distress. Same as dry drowning, the victim may experience difficulty in breathing and in worst case scenarios it can result to death.
Dry drowning and secondary drowning are most common in children because of their sizes.
Mostly, people who are drowning were unable to call for help because they are struggling to catch their breath. There are some signs that you can easily identify if a person is drowning, most common signs is splashing of water by the use of victim’s arms and legs in the swimming pool, beach or lake. Also frequent immersion of the victim in the water.
If you notice this signs and you know that the person is drowning, the only thing you can do is to shout for help as loud as you can. Don’t ever attempt to rescue the person who is drowning if you really don’t know what to do. Don’t be heroic! You might just worsen it and your life could possibly at risk. You just have to let the Life Guard do the rescuing because they are the one who is expert and license to rescue a person who is drowning.
Let’s say you manage to pull a drowning person from a swimming pool or in a beach, good for you! The rescue is half the job. You need to make the victim to cough several times to release all the water inside the lungs.
But what if the victim is unconscious?
The only best thing you can do is to take the victim to the nearest Life Guard or anyone who is properly trained in doing CPR. Reviving someone who has drowned is very crucial in saving a life, that’s why we should handle this to the experts.
Medical research estimates that once the person was drown and the heart stop to beat; there is only 4-6 minutes to restore the blood circulation of the drowning victim. This means that the person who is drown must need to survive is a span of 4-6 minutes or else the victim’s brain cells will start to deteriorate.
Prevention from being a Drowning victims
Enroll yourself to any swimming lessons nearby to your house or attend to any water safety instructor seminar that will enable you to be informed and alert if this incident will happen to you or if you encounter person who is drowning in swimming pool or beach.
For your kids, make sure to watch them closely when they are swimming. You can buy them some floating devices that will help them to practice swimming. If you own a swimming pool, make sure to have a swimming pool safety fence. This will prevent your children from entering the swimming pool without supervision. I hope this article help you to prevent from drowning.